Riley Bottles Machined Top Australian

The history of the machined top internal thread soft drink bottle in Australia evolved from the earlier applied top bottles. From the English Barrett Patent. Though the Barrett patent did not take off here in Australia, a later Patent by Frederick George Riley did dominate. The main difference was that with Riley's Patent the stopper sat above the ruber seal and allowed for easy removal.  

Australian manufacturers were quick to use this ever popular patent from circa 1890 onwards. In fact these bottles were used in Australia through to the 1960's. A good long period of use. One of the dominating Companies to make everyday use of the bottle was the well established business of Marchant & Co. Their red ceramic labelled bottle with the pineapple design is very much still in peoples memories today.


Valuation is for a bottle in Very Good condition. A bottle in better condition may attract a greater value as a bottle in lesser condition may attract a lesser value.

(AGM) Is for the Australian Glass Manufacturers mark dating about 1905 -1916.
AGM Is for the Australian Glass Manufacturers mark dating about 1916 -1932.
agm Is the Australian Glass Manufacturers mark dating about 1932 - 1940.
ISM, A25, M128 ... Are all dating marks for the Australian Glass Works during the 1940's - 1970's
comma Indicates a new line for the embossing.
dot Indicates end of the embossing.

Common asked questions about milk and dairies:

Question: What are the black stoppers made of?
Answer: Ebonite

Question: What does machine made mean?
Answer: The bottle’s top was manufactured entirely by a machine. The seam goes through the lip.

Question: Why did the manufacturers stop using these bottles ?
Answer: Evolution proved the Crown Seal to be more economical.

Question: : What is my bottle worth ?
Answer: Call Ron 0412 965 001

Internal Thread Bottles List

It is intended that the table below will become a full listing of known branded Australian Internal Thread Bottles, Soft Drink Bottles.  We will hold the listing to glass branded bottles and give reference to the base markings.

Key to Table Fields

Base Mark 

the glass works mould and number identification on the base of each bottle, these marks can be used to identify and date the bottles
where (AGM) appears signifies glass makers mark of 1905 - 1916 and AGM will signify the mark from 1916 - 1932 and agm known as the stilts 1932 -1940
Branding text on the bottle (,)new line (.)end of embossing (r)reverse of bottle (be)bottom edge, full details & descriptions are listed on the Image link age
Branding Style       the method used to brand the bottle ; embossing, paper label or ceramic label
Top Closure the type of closure used: cardboard wad, foil, cork, ceramic stopper
Proprietor  known owner of the comapny a the time of this listed bottle
Predecessor - Successor the previous owner or next owner of the Company, when available a link to that entry in the list
Town the location of the Companys operation
Known Sizes a list of all known bottle contents sizes

Listing of Internal Thread Machined Top Bottles

Base Mark Branding Branding Style Top Closure Proprietor Predecessor
Town Known Sizes
AGM Wattle Brand,(Wattle trade mark), Gully Cordial Manufacturing Company, Fern Tree Gully. (in shield) embossed Riley Gully Cordial Manufacturing Co Snowdrop Cordial Co Fern Tree Gully 26oz
AGM A. Simpson & Son, Hawk, Trade Mark, Eaglehawk. embossed Riley Simpson - Eaglehawk 26oz

If you know of any other branded bottles not listed in the table above please email an image and details to us.